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Comparisons of tone and style, as they are presented here, must not be taken as examples of formal linguistic analysis or forensic literary attribution. They are given as examples of similarities that immediately strike the eye as singular in the closeness of their wording and the meanings which their authors are attempting to convey.

 Zodiac Kaczynski

In that epasode the police were wondering as to how I could shoot & hit my victims in the dark. August, 1969 Letter.

Well, never mind that stupid episode anyway. GX18-20104, p.22.

I shall (on top of every thing else) torture all 13 of my slaves that I have wateing for me in Paradice. Mikado Letter, 1970.

On top of these, I attached on the side of the pipe with strapping tape a layer of small nails. On top of everything I wrapped the pipe with friction tape .... GX18-2033, pp. 236-241.

The reason that Im writing to the Times is this, They dont bury me on the back pages like some of the others. L.A. Times Letter, 1971.

The one thing I ask of you is this, please help me. Belli Letter, 1969.

London's idea is, briefly, this: Let us not attempt to interfere with the development of behavioral technology .... 1971 Essay

The other, and the one that I advocate, is this: In simple terms, stop scientific progress by withdrawing all major sources of research funds. 1971 Essay.

But the point is this: If there is such a solution, no one at present seems to know just what it is. 1971 Essay.

Your approach is this: You put a shrink or two on the stand ... . Note to Kaczynski's defense team, 1997.

I hope you enjoy your selves when I have my Blast. Jolly Roger Card.

For these reasons, I want to get my revenge in one big blast. GX18-2003F, p. 11.

At the moment the children are safe from the bomb because it is so massive to dig in & the triger mech requires much work to get it adjusted just right. Belli Letter, 1969.

Its no fun having to spend all your evenings and weekends preparing dangerous mixtures, filing trigger mechanisms out of scraps of metal .... New York Times Letter, 1995.

I gave the cops som bussy work to do to keep them happy. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

This seems to us a thoroughly contemptible way for the human race to end up, and we doubt that many people would find fulfilling lives in such pointless busy-work. Unabomber Manifesto, 1995.

It is more fun than killing wild game in the forrest because man is the most dangerou[s] anamal of all. To kill something gives me the most thrilling exper[i]ence. Three-Part Cipher, 1969.

I drove up to Humboldt county for deer hunting.... deer hunting is very exciting. Turchie Affidavit, Addendum, 1996.

He knew how to protect himself from heat, cold, rain, dangerous animals, etc. Unabomber, Manifesto, 1995.

What you do not know is whether the death machiene is at the sight or whether it is being stored in my basement for future use. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

For example, it will not be physically possible for everyone to have his own full-scale computer in his basement to which he can link his brain. 1971 Essay.

This is the murderer of the 2 teenagers last Christmass at Lake Herman & the girl on the 4th of July near the golf course in Vallejo. To prove I killed them I shall state some facts which only I & the police know. Three-Part Cipher, 1969.

I am the murderer of the taxi driver over by Washington St. & Maple St. last night, to prove this here is a blood stained piece of his shirt. Stine Letter, 1969.

To prove that I am the Zodiac, Ask the Vallejo cop about my electric gun sight .... Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

To prove that we are the ones who planted the bomb at U. Of Cal. last May we will mention a few details that could be known only to us and the FBI who investigated the incident. S.F. Examiner Letter, 1985.

This is a message from the terrorist group FC. To prove its authenticity we give our identifying number .... New York Times Letter, 1995.

To prove that the writer of this letter knows something about FC, the first two digits of their identifying number are 55. S.F. Chronicle Threat Letter, 1995.

This letter should be published for all to read it. Typewritten Letter, 1966.

Be shure to print the part I marked out on page 3 .... Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

We encourage you to print this letter. New York Times Letter, 1995.

Please see to it that the answer to our offer is well publicized in the media .... Be sure to tell us where and how our material will be published. New York Times Letter, 1995.

The S.F. Police could have caught me last night if they had searched the park properly instead of holding road races with their motor cicles seeing who could make the most noise. The car drivers should have just parked their cars & sat there quietly waiting for me to come out of cover. Stine Letter, 1969.

For example, a variety of noise-making devices: power mowers, radios, motorcycles, etc. If the use of these devices is unrestricted, people who want peace and quiet are frustrated by the noise. Manifesto, 1995.

When I see a motorcyclist tearing up the mountain meadows ... I want to kick him in the face while he is dying. GX-2003F, p. 11.

I like killing people because it is so much fun. Three-Part Cipher, 1969.

I was in this phone booth haveing some fun with the Vallejo cop when he was walking by. August, 1969 Letter.

Have fun!! By the way it could be rather messy if you try to bluff me. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

PS I hope you have fun trying to figure out who I killed[.] Thirteen-Symbol Cipher, 1970.

Yes I shall have great fun inflicting the most delicious of pain to my Slaves. Mikado Letter, 1970.

At first he will have a lot of fun, but by and by he will become acutely bored and demoralized. Manifesto, 1995.

[I]t's more fun to watch the entertainment put out by the media than to read a sober essay. Manifesto, 1995.

Its no fun having to spend all your evenings and weekends preparing dangerous mixtures .... New York Times Letter, 1995.

So don't make it to easy for me. Typewritten Letter, 1966.

So I shall change the way the collecting of slaves. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

So as you can see the police don't have much to work on. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

So now I have a little list ... Little List Letter, 1970.

So we expect to be able to pack deadly bombs into ... more harmless looking packages. New York Times Letter, 1995.

So we offer a bargain. New York Times Letter, 1995.

So if you take the trouble to read our manuscript ... Tom Tyler Letter, 1995.

So we are left with the question: What kind of legislative program would have a chance of saving freedom? 1971 Essay.

So certain artificial needs have been created ... Manifesto, 1995.

So modern man's drive for security tends ... Manifesto, 1995.

So they always feel hard-pressed financially ... Manifesto, 1995.

So we present these principles ... Manifesto, 1995.

So they send him to Sylvan. Manifesto, 1995.

[M]y killing tools have been boughten through the mail order outfits before the ban went into efect. [E]xcept one & it was bought out of the state. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

The stricter gun control laws recommended by the U.S. Commission on Violence are a case in point. Letter to Chicago Daily News, 1969.

I shall (on top of every thing else) torture all 13 of my slaves that I have wateing for me in Paradice. Some I shall tie over ant hills and watch them scream & twich and squirm. Others shall have pine splinters driven under their nails & then burned. Others shall be placed in cages & fed salt beef untill they are gorged then I shall listen to their pleass for water and I shall laugh at them. Others will hang by their thumbs & burn in the sun then I will rub them down deep heat to warm them up. Others I shall skin them alive & let them run around screaming. The Mikado Letter, 1970.

I hadn't previously been troubled by rats around here, but I just discovered that my pack has been chewed up so badly that it is nearly ruined ... This means some deadfalls are going to be set. I hope I catch one of those [expletive] alive--I will torture it to death in the most fiendish manner I can devise. Journal entry, July 31, 1974

Being that you will not wear some nice [Zodiac] buttons ... Mikado Letter, 1970.

3 bags flour ... being 75% whole wheat ... Journal entry, date unknown.

... as one might say, I gave the cops some bussy work to do to keep them happy. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

Also note the increasing extent to which the average person today is "living in the movies" as the saying is. 1971 Essay

As of yet I have left no fingerprints behind me contrary to what the police say Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

Contrary to what the FBI has suggested, our bombing at the California Forestry Association was in no way inspired by the Oklahoma City bombing. New York Times Letter, 1995.

By the way, contrary to statements made by the FBI, the[s]e are not pipe bombs (except in the case of the Mosser bombing). Penthouse Letter, 1995.

All it is is 2 coats of airplane cement coated on my finger tips. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

It seems to me that what boredom mostly is is that people have to keep themselves entertained .... Letter to Blackfoot Valley Dispatch, January 24, 2001.

 By the way, are the police haveing a good time with the code? August, 1969 Letter.

By the way it could be rather messy if you try to bluff me. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

By the way have you cracked the last cipher I sent you? Thirteen-Symbol Cipher, 1970.

By the way, contrary to statements made by the FBI, the[s]e are not pipe bombs except in the case of the Mosser bombing. Penthouse Letter, 1995.

By the way, when we mention depression we do not necessarily mean depression that is severe enough to be treated by a psychiatrist. Manifesto, 1995.

By the way, my reason for keeping these notes separate from the others is the obvious one. Journal entry, ca. 1978.

I look like the description passed out only when I do my thing, the rest of the time I look entirle different. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

What was entirely new was the fact that I really felt I could kill someone. Journal entry, ca. 1978.

This is the murderer of the 2 teenagers last Christmass ... July 31, 1969 Letter (Chronicle).

This is the Zodiac speaking. Numerous correspondences, 1969 through 1971.

This is a message from the terrorist group FC. New York Times Letter, April 24, 1995.

This is a message from FC. Tom Tyler Letter, June 30, 1995.

This is a message from FC, 553-25-4394. United States v. Kaczynski, GX 20-9, p. 1-2.

At the moment the children are safe from the bomb because it is so massive to dig in .... Belli Letter, 1969.

Any of the foregoing symptoms can occur in any society, but in modern industrial society they are present on a massive scale. Manifesto, 1995.

It would be possible to give other examples of societies in which there has been rapid change and/or lack of close community ties without he kind of massive behavioral aberration that is seen in today's industrial society. Manifesto, 1995.

To the average man the results would appear disastrous: There would be massive unemployment, shortages of commodities, etc. Manifesto, 1995.

... accumulating nuclear waste for which a sure method of disposal has not yet been found, the crowding, noise and pollution that have followed industrialization, massive extinction of species and so forth. 1971 Essay.

I promised to punish them if they did not comply, by anilating a full School Buss. But now school is out for the summer, so I punished them in another way. Mt. Diablo Letter, 1970.

Example: Manuel Noriega was an irritant to the U.S. (goal: punish Noriega). The U.S. invaded Panama (effort) and punished Noriega (attainment of goal). Manifesto, 1995.

The people who are pushing all this growth and progress garbage deserve to be severely punished. But our goal is less to punish them than to propagate ideas. New York Times Letter, 1995.

If the Blue Meannies are evere going to catch me, they had best get off their fat asses & do something. L.A. Times Letter, 1971.

But the bigger the system grows the more disastrous the results of its breakdown will be, so if it is to break down it had best break down sooner rather than later. Manifesto, 1995.

I was swamped out by the rain we had a while back. Thirteen-Symbol Cipher, 1970.

... but what he has to say will be swamped by the vast volume of material put out by the media, .... Manifesto, 1995.

... such a change either would be a transitory one -- soon swamped by the tide of history. Manifesto, 1995.

I have grown rather angry with the police for their telling lies about me. So I shall change the way the collecting of slaves. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

. . . you will try to slo[w] down or [s]top my collecting of slaves for my afterlife. Three Part Cipher, 1969.

. . . Ask the Vallejo cop about my electric gun sight which I used to start my collecting of slaves. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

. . . that ended in my burning her car where I found them. Mikado Letter, 1970.

Most of these regulations cannot be disposed with, because they are necessary for the functioning of industrial society. Manifesto, 1995.

In matters that are irrelevant to the functioning of the system we can generally do what we please. Manifesto, 1995.

. . . one of the most potent forces acting toward the continual development and perfecting of the system . . . . Manifesto, 1995.

. . . those aspects of the functioning of the Earth and its living things . . . . Manifesto, 1995.

But it will be equally impossible to argue against any of the other steps that will eventually lead to the complete engineering of the human personality. 1971 Essay.

. . . would either be too weak to afford real protection, or too strong to be compatible with the functioning of the present society. 1971 Essay.

In answer to your asking for more details ... August, 1969 Letter.

To prove that we are the ones who planted the bomb at U. Of Cal. last May we will mention a few details .... S.F. Examiner Letter, 1985.

I shall be happy to supply even more material. August, 1969 Letter.

... swamped by the vast volume of material put out by the media ....  Manifesto, 1995.

... flooded by the mass of material to which the media expose them ....   Manifesto, 1995.

... implicitly expressed or presupposed in most of the material presented to us .... Manifesto, 1995.

Whoever agrees to publish the material will have exclusive rights, to reproduce if for a period .... New York Times Letter, 1995.

... (or arrange for its publication elsewhere) reasonably soon, then they will have exclusive rights to the material .... New York Times Letter, 1995.

School children make nice targets, I think I shall wipe out a school bus some morning .... Stine Letter, 1969.

I hope you do not think that I was the one who wiped out that blue meannie  .... Thirteen Symbol Cipher, 1970.

Even if every fast-food chain the world were wiped out the techno-industrial system would suffer only minimal harm  .... Green Anarchy, "Hit it Where it Hurts," by Ted Kaczynski, Spring 2002.

... the continued development of biotechnology will transform their way of life and wipe out age-old human values.  Green Anarchy, "Hit it Where it Hurts," by Ted Kaczynski, Spring 2002.

[B]us goes bang car passes by ok  .... Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

The rifle goes BANG. You're dead. .... Live Wild or Die, "When Non-Violence is Suicide," by Ted Kaczynski, #8, 2001..

 

Zodiac separates written sections with a single, freehand line that spans the page.

 

Kaczynski separates written sections with a single, freehand line that spans the page.

 

Zodiac uses an upward-facing carat symbol to indicate an insertion.

 

Kaczynski uses an upward-facing carat symbol to indicate an insertion.

When addressing envelopes, Zodiac invariably omits comma between city and state. Click here for exemplars.

When addressing envelopes, Kaczynski invariably omits comma between city and state. Click here for exemplars.

 

When enumerating items, Zodiac employs a hanging indent.

 

When enumerating items, Kaczynski employs a hanging indent.

By the way it could be rather messy if you try to bluff me. Seven-Page Letter, 1969.

The lemma can be proved by using [7, Theorem 113, p. 216], [1, Theorem 2, p. 179], and the methods of [3], but this involves a messy construction, so we omit the details. T.J. Kaczynski. The Set of Curvilinear Convergence of a Continuous Function Defined in the Interior of a Cube. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Nov., 1969), 323-327, p. 324.

A special case of Theorem (b) was proved (in effect) in [6, proof of Theorem 6] by means of a rather messy lemma. T.J. Kaczynski. Boundary Functions and Sets of Curvilinear Convergence for Continuous Functions. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 141 (Jul., 1969), 107-125, p. 124.

[I]f I do not see this note in your paper, I will do something nasty, which you know I'm capable of doing. Exorcist Letter, 1974.

 

This is a warning from FC. Warren Hoge of the New York Times can confirm that this note does come from FC. Phillip Sharp and Richard Roberts letters, April 1995.

A buck fifteen for a Christmas Card! This is getting ridiculous .... so next year I'll just send you a Christmas note .... Letter to Irene Preston, December 1990.

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